Iranian Scientist Creates First Artificial Retina in the World

20 Feb

Iranian Scientist Creates First Artificial Retina in the World

Local Editor

An Iranian professor specialized in ophthalmology succeeded in designing and crafting the first artificial retina in the world that simulates the function of eye retina cells, approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

In this context, the Iranian professor in The University of Southern California, Dr. Mark Humayun pointed out, “This retina, Argus II, is composed of a device planted in the patient’s eye to those who have lost sight from the hereditary disease retinitis pigmentosa or rare genetic diseases, and helps them to restore sight.”
The approval of the Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System marks the first device to help adult patients with a rare genetic eye disease called advanced retinitis pigmentosa.

The new device includes a small video camera and transmitter mounted to a pair of eyeglasses, a video processing unit and an artificial retina with electrodes. The video processing unit transforms the images taken from the video camera into electronic data that is wirelessly sent to the artificial retina to produce images.

“This new technology would help 100,000 people and could really improve their quality of life. They won’t be able to read fine print, but they’ll be seeing well enough to possibly walk down the street, avoid bumping into lamp posts and cars, and possibly even cross the street,” Dr. Robert Cykiert, a clinical associate professor of ophthalmology at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City told CBS.

Source: CBS, edited by moqawama.org

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